Outiref
<!DOCTYPE HTML><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en" xmlns:og="http://opengraphprotocol.org/schema/" xmlns:fb="http://www.facebook.com/2008/fbml"><head prefix="og: http://ogp.me/ns# scribd-com: http://ogp.me/ns/apps/scribd-com#"><link rel="preconnect" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/"><link rel="preload" crossorigin="anonymous" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/assets/fonts/source_sans_pro/regular/source_sans_pro_regular.457ed42e.woff" as="font"><link rel="preload" crossorigin="anonymous" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/assets/fonts/source_sans_pro/semibold/source_sans_pro_semibold.ca68ab24.woff" as="font"><link rel="preload" crossorigin="anonymous" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/assets/fonts/icons/icons.61a2f0bc.ttf" as="font"><script>
        window.Scribd = window.Scribd || {};
        window.Scribd.config = {"js_logging_enabled":false,"raise_js_callback_errors":false,"session_domain":".scribd.com","csrf_token_url":"https://www.scribd.com/csrf_token","facebook":{"app_id":136494494209,"permissions":"email,public_profile","namespace":"scribd-com","link_url":"/facebook_link"}};
        window.Scribd.webpack_public_path = "https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/";
        window.Scribd.AssetPath = "https://s-f.scribdassets.com/";
      </script><script type="text/javascript">
        (function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start':new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'?'&l='+l:'';j.async=true;j.src='https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id='+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f);})(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-KXQQWDG');
      </script><script type="text/javascript">
        !function(){if('PerformanceLongTaskTiming' in window){var g=window.__tti={e:[]};g.o=new PerformanceObserver(function(l){g.e=g.e.concat(l.getEntries())});g.o.observe({entryTypes:['longtask']})}}();
      </script><!-- locale: -->
        <script>
          var c_matches = navigator.userAgent.match(/Chrome\/(\d+)/)
          var ff_matches = navigator.userAgent.match(/Firefox\/(\d+)/)
          var polyfill = /Trident|MSIE/.test(navigator.userAgent) || (c_matches && c_matches[1] < 51) || (ff_matches && ff_matches[1] < 54)
          if (polyfill) {
            var polyfill_script = document.createElement("script");
            polyfill_script.src = "https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/polyfill.74568e422d42cbaffe5c.js";
            document.write(polyfill_script.outerHTML);
          }
        </script>
      <!-- Thank you for choosing Sonic --><title>permisapoints (permisapoints) | Scribd</title><meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html;charset=UTF-8"><meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
      <meta name="csrf-param" content="authenticity_token" />
      <meta name="csrf-token" content="TbkknNOvL9dlJUh7yYLboyGM4CB2rVZiNWjeaJgfUqNdaIqrmDu0eoo1fFrLhJc+wWReqMwu/pqRKaak1mwPcA==" />
    <meta property="og:site_name" content="Scribd"><meta property="og:title" content="permisapoints (permisapoints) | Scribd"><meta property="fb:app_id" content="136494494209"><meta name="yandex-verification" content="0ed66f497fbf9765"><meta name="naver-site-verification" content="8a1986b0a4079515076ba34125d27de19b41887c"><meta name="google-site-verification" content="GynhMUSITpW_pWiKif7wsGGlMOFA2TYQKkvOAqu-qiM"><meta name="google-signin-client_id" content="491264573595-hs5hu9ijbfl9g6khnkn2retrfr6lcua7.apps.googleusercontent.com"><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1.0"><meta name="robots" content="noindex, follow"><meta name="description" content="permisapoints (permisapoints) has uploaded 0 documents on Scribd. https://www.permis-apoints.com/"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="x-default" href="https://www.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="en" href="https://www.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="es" href="https://es.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="pt" href="https://pt.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="fr" href="https://fr.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="id" href="https://id.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="de" href="https://de.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="it" href="https://it.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="ru" href="https://ru.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="alternate" hreflang="ro" href="https://ro.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><link rel="icon" href="https://www.scribd.com/favicon.ico?v=4" type="image/x-icon"><link rel="search" href="https://www.scribd.com/opensearch.xml" type="application/opensearchdescription+xml" title="Search Scribd"><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/1.d57db2ab31814d360216.css"><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/2.a89a8b935fab8ddca443.css"><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/3.b7e49469a74e35062957.css"><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/13.53f9a386dd66eb165829.css"><link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/profiles.b2059dc28e395dd5c2f4.css"><script type="text/javascript">
      window.require = function(x){}
      window.Scribd = window.Scribd || {};
      window.Scribd.translations = window.Scribd.translations || [];
      Scribd.rails_env = "production_r4";
      Scribd.current_ca = "current_ca:BRpRwmHZZyXYRFQ/AXaR9g==-gR2tTcx2+q3p5A8dy+cR17SrZ7k=";
      Scribd.is_mobile = false;
      Scribd.is_bot = false;
      Scribd.root_url = "https://www.scribd.com/";
      Scribd.asset_host = "https://s-f.scribdassets.com";
      Scribd.data = {}
    
      Scribd.knuckles_enabled = false;
    
        Scribd.data.accountCreation = {"ariaLabel":"Download by signing up or logging in","facebook":{"appID":"136494494209","permissions":"email,public_profile","sessionPath":"/facebook_session"},"google":{"clientId":"491264573595-hs5hu9ijbfl9g6khnkn2retrfr6lcua7.apps.googleusercontent.com","sessionPath":"/open_id_connect/login"},"inEU":false,"paths":{"accountSettings":"/account-settings","forgotPassword":"/password/forgot","login":"/login","signUp":"/login/signup","privacy":"/privacy","terms":"/terms","subscribe":""},"reCaptchaSiteKey":"6LeImq4UAAAAAAvTbjthwoOw2rtOwrfjXZbDxujw","userCountry":"","trackingData":{"page":"profile"}};
      
          window.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function() {
            Scribd.data.deferredLocationData = new Scribd.Promise();
            Scribd.data.deferredLocationData.resolve({"current_user_country":"FR","current_user_country_id":104,"is_in_eu":true});
          });
        Scribd.page_name = "profile";</script><!--[if IE 6]><script type="text/javascript">Scribd.ie=6</script><![endif]--><!--[if IE 7]><script type="text/javascript">Scribd.ie=7</script><![endif]--><!--[if IE 8]><script type="text/javascript">Scribd.ie=8</script><![endif]--><script>
window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date;
ga('create', "UA-443684-2"  , 'auto');
ga('send', 'pageview');
ga('set', 'dimension1', 'false');
ga('set', 'dimension3', document.location.host);
</script>
<script async src='https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js'></script>
<link rel="canonical" href="https://www.scribd.com/user/495059741/permisapoints"><script type="text/javascript">
        Scribd.download_document = {
          register_download_attempt_path: "/document_downloads/register_download_attempt",
          download_dialog_path: "/read/download_dialog",
          request_document_for_download_path: "/document_downloads/request_document_for_download"
        };
      </script><script type="text/javascript">
      Scribd.logged_in = false;
      Scribd.current_user = null;
      Scribd.archive_login_url = "https://www.scribd.com/archive/login";
      Scribd.google_auth_web_client_id = "491264573595-hs5hu9ijbfl9g6khnkn2retrfr6lcua7.apps.googleusercontent.com";
      Scribd.browser_uuid = "af1c0dfb-7465-4b37-90e3-b4688a803d84";
      Scribd.user_data = {};
    </script></head><body class="autogen_class_views_layouts_web autogen_class_widgets_page autogen_class_widgets_base locale_en_US full_width responsive  global_side_nav  body_container" data-revision="151d3883f850dc6a40597bb686afcdfc0d703fae" data-hj-ignore-attributes><script type="application/javascript">
        window.__initialState = {};
      </script><noscript><iframe src="//www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-KXQQWDG" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden"></iframe></noscript><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677289917"><div class="auto__shared_navigation_global_nav autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677288168"><div class="auto__shared_navigation_header_header_hybrid pre_render autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"><div class="header_container hybrid_test_header hybrid_simple flex_row"><div class="logo_container flex_row"><a class="hamburger_menu_button flex_col" href="#sidebar"><span class="auto__shared_navigation_global_nav_hamburger"><span class="top line"></span><span class="middle line"></span><span class="bottom line"></span></span></a><a class="logo_button icon_button flex_col" href="https://www.scribd.com/"><img src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/images/landing/home2_landing/scribd_logo_horiz_small.svg?151d3883f" class="logo logo_button_wide"></a><a class="logo_home_button flex_col" href="https://www.scribd.com/"><img src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/images/landing/home2_landing/scribd_logo_horiz_small.svg?151d3883f" class="logo logo_button_narrow"></a></div><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677287761"><div class="auto__search_input_show autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base search_input_container"><form class="search_form" action="https://www.scribd.com/search" method="get"><input class="search_input pre_render" placeholder="Search" name="query"><button class="search_button no_spinner flat_btn"><span class="scribd_spinner permanent_rotation" data-size="30"></span><span class="flat_btn_content"><span class="icon-ic_search search_icon" aria-hidden="true" role="presentation"></span><span class="visually_hidden">Search</span></span></button><div id="home_onboarding_search_message"></div></form></div></span><div class="right_tools flex_row"><a href="https://www.scribd.com/upload-document" class="icon_button upload_button with_right_border" data-track="upload" aria-label="Upload a Document"><span class="icon icon-ic_globalnav_upload" aria-hidden="true"></span><span class="icon_button_text">Upload</span></a><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677286852"><div class="auto__shared_user_menu_button autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"><div class="signup_buttons flex_row"><a class="outline_btn sign_in_button flat_btn" href="/archive/pmp_checkout?metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D"><span class="scribd_spinner permanent_rotation" data-size="30"></span><span class="flat_btn_content">Sign In</span></a><a class="outline_btn join_button flat_btn" href="/archive/pmp_checkout?metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D"><span class="scribd_spinner permanent_rotation" data-size="30"></span><span class="flat_btn_content">Join</span></a></div></div></span></div></div><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677285150"><div class="autogen_class_views_shared_navigation_color_divider autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"><div class="color_divider flex_row"><div class="color_section seafoam_regular" style="width: 4%"></div><div class="color_section teal_dark" style="width: 12%"></div><div class="color_section teal_light" style="width: 48%"></div><div class="color_section midnight_light" style="width: 12%"></div><div class="color_section wine_light" style="width: 16%"></div><div class="color_section yellow_dark" style="width: 8%"></div></div></div></span></div></span><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677284376"><div class="auto__shared_navigation_sidebar pre_render autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"><nav class="vertical_nav flex_col"><ul class="top_section"><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="https://www.scribd.com/"><span class="icon icon-ic_scribd_social_logo"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Home</div></div></a></li><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="/saved"><span class="icon icon-ic_save_for_later_2px"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Saved</div></div></a></li></ul><div class="divider"></div><ul class="categories"><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="/bestsellers"><span class="icon icon-ic_globalnav_topcharts"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Bestsellers</div></div></a></li><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="https://www.scribd.com/books"><span class="icon icon-ic_book"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Books</div></div></a></li><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="https://www.scribd.com/audiobooks"><span class="icon icon-ic_audiobook"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Audiobooks</div></div></a></li><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="https://www.scribd.com/snapshots"><span class="icon icon-ic_globalnav_snapshot"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Snapshots</div></div></a></li><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="https://www.scribd.com/magazines"><span class="icon icon-ic_magazine"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Magazines</div></div></a></li><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="https://www.scribd.com/docs"><span class="icon icon-ic_document"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Documents</div></div></a></li><li class="nav_row"><a class="nav_link flex_row" href="https://www.scribd.com/sheetmusic"><span class="icon icon-ic_songbook"></span><div class="title_container flex_col"><div class="nav_title">Sheet Music</div></div></a></li></ul></nav></div></span></div></span><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677283249"><div class="autogen_class_views_shared_navigation_mobile_bottom_navigation_tabs autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"></div></span><div id="flash_container" class="flash_container"></div><div class="global_wrapper"><div class="auto__profiles_show autogen_class_widgets_base" id="autogen_id_677294395" data-track_category="profile"><div class="autogen_class_views_profiles_recommenders autogen_class_widgets_base" id="autogen_id_677293780"><div class="main_column"><div class="recommenders"><div class="auto__recommenders_modules_profile_banner autogen_class_views_recommenders_modules_base autogen_class_widgets_base" id="autogen_id_677292462"><div class="banner_container"><div class="profile_image_container"><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677291286"><div class="auto__shared_react_persona_icon autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base persona_icon profile_thumbnail  large icon-ic_user_circle"><img alt=""></div></span></div><div class="profile_info"><div class="headline"><div class="profile_name">permisapoints (permisapoints)</div><div class="stats wide"><!--total_views:--></div></div><div class="stats narrow"><!--total_views:--></div><div class="description_wrapper super_short"><span class="short descriptor"><span>https://www.permis-apoints.com/</span></span><span class="full descriptor"><span>https://www.permis-apoints.com/</span></span></div></div><div class="user_controls"></div></div></div><div class="auto__recommenders_modules_label autogen_class_views_recommenders_modules_base autogen_class_widgets_base  label  module_row recommenders_row label" id="autogen_id_677290451"><div class="header"><div class="title">permisapoints has no available titles yet.</div><div class="subtitle"></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div id="lightbox_area" class="carousel_scroll_parent"><div id="lightbox_flash_container" class="flash_container"></div><div id="lightboxes_wrap"><div id="lightboxes"><div aria-label="Loading" class="lightbox" id="loading_lb" style="display: none;" aria-hidden="true" role="dialog" tabindex="-1"><div class="wrapper"><div class="content"><div class="scribd_spinner" data-size="30"><span class="visually_hidden" tabindex="-1">Loading</span></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><footer class="auto__chrome_footer autogen_class_widgets_base global_footer" id="global_footer"><h2 class="visually_hidden">Footer Menu</h2><a href="#global_header" class="back_to_top_link">Back To Top</a><div class="inner"><nav class="columns" aria-label="Quick Links"><div class="column"><h3 class="social_title">About</h3><ul class="list"><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/about">About Scribd</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/press">Press</a></li><li><a href="https://literally.scribd.com/">Our blog</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/careers">Join our team!</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/contact">Contact Us</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/subscribe">Join today</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/referrals?source=footer">Invite Friends</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/giftcards">Gifts</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/enterprise">Scribd for Enterprise</a></li></ul></div><div class="column"><h3 class="social_title">Support</h3><ul class="list"><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/faq" rel="nofollow">Help / FAQ</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/accessibility-policy" rel="nofollow">Accessibility</a></li><li><a href="https://support.scribd.com/hc/sections/202246306" rel="nofollow">Purchase help</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/faq?item=adchoices" rel="nofollow">AdChoices</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/publishers" rel="nofollow">Publishers</a></li></ul></div><div class="column legal"><h3 class="social_title">Legal</h3><ul class="list"><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/terms" rel="nofollow">Terms</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/privacy" rel="nofollow">Privacy</a></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/copyright" rel="nofollow">Copyright</a></li></ul></div><h3 class="visually_hidden">Social Media</h3><div class="column social_container"><ul class="list"><li><ul class="auto__chrome__social_buttons autogen_class_widgets_base social_icons" id="autogen_id_677282217"><li class="icontainer"><a class="icon icon-ic_scribd_social_logo scribd" href="https://literally.scribd.com" aria-label="Scribd Blog"></a></li><li class="icontainer"><a class="icon icon-ic_facebook  facebook" href="https://www.facebook.com/pages/Scribd/6978454082" aria-label="Scribd on Facebook"></a></li><li class="icontainer"><a class="icon icon-ic_twitter twitter" href="https://twitter.com/scribd" aria-label="Scribd on Twitter"></a></li><li class="icontainer"><a class="icon icon-ic_pinterest pinterest" href="https://www.pinterest.com/scribd/" aria-label="Scribd on Pinterest"></a></li></ul></li><li><span class="react_mount_node" id="autogen_id_677281624"><div class="autogen_class_views_shared_native_apps_buttons autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"><ul class="wrapper__app_store_buttons mobile_icons"><li class="wrapper__store_button"><a href="https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/scribd-worlds-largest-online/id542557212?mt=8&amp;uo=4&amp;at=11lGEE" class="app_link"><img src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/images/buttons/badge_appstore_english.svg?151d3883f" alt="Scribd - Download on the App Store" class="app_store_img"></a></li><li class="wrapper__store_button"><a class="app_link" href="https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.scribd.app.reader0&amp;hl=en"><img src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/images/buttons/badge_playstore_english.svg?151d3883f" alt="Scribd - Get it on Google Play" class="app_store_img play_store_link"></a></li></ul></div></span></li></ul></div></nav><section class="auto__chrome__footer_links autogen_class_widgets_base secondary_links" id="autogen_id_228359220"><ul><li><span class="copyright secondary">Copyright &copy; 2020 Scribd Inc. </span></li><li><span class="dot_divider" aria-hidden="true" role="presentation">.</span></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/books" class="secondary">Browse Books</a></li><li><span class="dot_divider" aria-hidden="true" role="presentation">.</span></li><li><a href="https://www.scribd.com/directory" class="secondary">Site Directory</a></li><li><span class="dot_divider" aria-hidden="true" role="presentation">.</span></li><li><span class="secondary language flex_row">Site Language: <span class="react_mount_node" id="language_footer_selector"><div class="auto__shared_navigation_language_footer_selector autogen_class_widgets_jsx autogen_class_widgets_react autogen_class_widgets_base"></div></span></span></li></ul></section></div></footer><script type="text/javascript">
      if (!window.Scribd) Scribd = {};
      Scribd.NwayTestsWithWeights = {"localize_competitor_matrix_2020_q1":{"id":1558,"choices":{"3832":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3833":{"name":"test","weight":1}}},"encourage_subscriptions_2020_q2":{"id":1621,"choices":{"4017":{"name":"control","weight":1},"4018":{"name":"variant_1","weight":1},"4019":{"name":"variant_2","weight":1}}},"improved_join_button_2020_q2":{"id":1638,"choices":{"4060":{"name":"control","weight":1},"4061":{"name":"test","weight":1}}},"pricing_2019q3_in":{"id":1410,"choices":{"3466":{"name":"test","weight":0},"3467":{"name":"control","weight":1}}},"explain_scribd_iteration_2019_q3":{"id":1530,"choices":{"3770":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3771":{"name":"advertisement","weight":0},"3772":{"name":"did_you_know_variant_1","weight":0},"3773":{"name":"did_you_know_variant_2","weight":0}}},"pricing_2020q1_id_cookie":{"id":1579,"choices":{"3898":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3899":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2020q1_ph_cookie":{"id":1583,"choices":{"3906":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3907":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2020q1_ca_cookie":{"id":1586,"choices":{"3912":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3913":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2020q1_au_cookie":{"id":1587,"choices":{"3914":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3915":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"home_after_onboarding_v2_cookie":{"id":1612,"choices":{"3984":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3985":{"name":"no_tips","weight":1},"3986":{"name":"skrim","weight":1},"3987":{"name":"modal","weight":1}}},"web_referrals_banner_2020_q1":{"id":1616,"choices":{"4002":{"name":"control","weight":1},"4003":{"name":"web_referrals_banner_selfish","weight":99},"4004":{"name":"web_referrals_banner_altruistic","weight":0}}},"doc_page_ratings_q1_2020":{"id":1603,"choices":{"3965":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3966":{"name":"percentages","weight":1},"3967":{"name":"stars","weight":1}}},"doc_landing_survey":{"id":1193,"choices":{"2843":{"name":"control","weight":1},"2844":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2019q4_ro":{"id":1580,"choices":{"3900":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3901":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2019q4_ru":{"id":1581,"choices":{"3902":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3903":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2019q4_pl":{"id":1582,"choices":{"3904":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3905":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2020q1_my_cookie":{"id":1584,"choices":{"3908":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3909":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"pricing_2019q4_th":{"id":1585,"choices":{"3910":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3911":{"name":"test","weight":0}}},"recs_rapid_testing_alpha":{"id":1610,"choices":{"3978":{"name":"control","weight":1},"3979":{"name":"test","weight":1}}},"pricing_2019q3_developed":{"id":1636,"choices":{"4055":{"name":"test","weight":1},"4056":{"name":"control","weight":0}}},"personalized_archive_offer":{"id":1615,"choices":{"3993":{"name":"control","weight":0},"3994":{"name":"personalized","weight":93},"3995":{"name":"subscribe_only","weight":1},"3996":{"name":"subscribe_or_upload_1","weight":1},"3997":{"name":"subscribe_or_upload_3","weight":1},"3998":{"name":"subscribe_or_upload_5","weight":1},"3999":{"name":"upload_1_or_subscribe","weight":1},"4000":{"name":"upload_3_or_subscribe","weight":1},"4001":{"name":"upload_5_or_subscribe","weight":1}}},"mobile_web_menu_2020_q1":{"id":1628,"choices":{"4037":{"name":"control","weight":1},"4038":{"name":"test","weight":99}}}};
      Scribd.Sentry = {"disabled":false,"dsn":"https://21588782029b459685064c03453673ff@sentry.io/282187","environment":"production_r4","page":"profile_page","release":"151d3883f850dc6a40597bb686afcdfc0d703fae","queue":{"errors":[],"messages":[]}};
      Scribd.ServerOptions = {"ad_refresh_engagement_tracking_delay":1200,"ad_refresh_idle_time_before_inactive":60,"ad_refresh_interval":60,"disable_trending":false,"facebook_autologin_enabled":false,"largest_contentful_paint":100,"library_dropdown_test_choices":["control","test"],"library_dropdown_test_enabled":false,"payments_store_disabled":false,"rapid_testing_salt":"eowyn","rapid_testing_traffic_configuration":"{\"bucket_0\":\"recs_rapid_testing_alpha\", \"bucket_1\":\"recs_rapid_testing_alpha\", \"bucket_2\":\"recs_rapid_testing_alpha\", \"bucket_3\":\"recs_rapid_testing_alpha\", \"bucket_4\":\"control\", \"bucket_5\":\"control\", \"bucket_6\":\"control\", \"bucket_7\":\"control\"}","reading_history_scroll_timeout":500,"reading_progress_enabled":true,"reading_progress_throttle_get_milliseconds":60000,"reading_progress_throttle_post_milliseconds":10000,"seo_roadblock_choices":["question_promo","promo","banner"],"seo_roadblock_enabled":true,"seo_roadblock_rollout":1.0,"shadow_autocomplete_enabled":false,"sidebar_promo_enabled":false,"web_free_to_paid_enabled":true};
    </script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/javascripts/jquery-3.3.1.min.js?151d3883f"></script><script>
//<![CDATA[
window._translations = {"en-US":{"translation":{"account_settings":{"bundles":{"bundles_config":{"1m_ratings":"1M+ ratings","4k_ratings":"4K+ ratings","578_ratings":"578 ratings","5k_ratings":"5K+ ratings","5m_ratings":"5M+ ratings","6k_ratings":"6K+ ratings","contv_comics_cartoons_movies":"CONtv + Comics: Cartoons, Movies \u0026 More","curiositystream_mind-expanding_documentaries":"CuriosityStream: Mind-Expanding Documentaries","farfaria_read_aloud_story_books_for":"FarFaria: Read Aloud Story Books for Kids","headspace_meditation_sleep":"Headspace: Meditation \u0026 Sleep","learn_to_relax_in_just_a":"Learn to relax in just a few minutes a day with guided meditations and mindfulness techniques.","mubi_curated_cinema":"MUBI: Curated Cinema","pandora_streaming_music_podcasts":"Pandora: Streaming Music \u0026 Podcasts","peak_brain_games_training":"Peak: Brain Games \u0026 Training","tune_in_nfl_radio_music_sports":"Tune In: NFL Radio, Music, Sports \u0026 Podcasts"}}},"archive_flow":{"header":{"progress_step_counter":{"step_this_get_step_string":"Step {{this_get_step_string}}"}}},"bundles_page":{"card":{"peak_description":"Flex your cognitive muscles with the most popular brain training games."}},"chrome":{"flash":{"close_notification":"Close notification","error":"Error","information":"information","notice":"Notice","success":"Success"},"footer":{"scribd_-_download_on_the_app":"Scribd - Download on the App Store","scribd_-_get_it_on_google":"Scribd - Get it on Google Play"}},"content_types":{"sheet_music":"Sheet Music"},"get_app_modal":{"link_sent_email":"Link sent! Please check your email."},"helpers":{"trial":{"one_month":"one month","one_week":"one week","one_year":"one year","start_your_free_14_days":"Start your free 14 days","start_your_free_trial":"Start your free trial","start_your_free_two_months":"Start your free two months","start_your_free_week":"Start your free week","start_your_free_year":"Start your free year","trial_days_day":"{{trial_days}} day","trial_days_days":"{{trial_days}} days","two_months":"two months","two_weeks":"two weeks","start_your_free_month":""}},"landing_pages":{"perks":{"con_tv_description":"Everything for your inner geek from cult classics, anime, and B movies to Transformers, Star Trek, comics, and graphic novels.","curiosity_stream_description":"Dive deep into your favorite science, technology, nature, and history documentaries and be inspired.","farfaria_description":"Unlimited read-to-me children’s storybooks and bedtime stories for kids ages 1–9.","mubi_description":"Watch cult, classic, independent, and award-winning films from around the world.","pandora_description":"Create ad-free personalized music stations from your favorite songs, artists, or genres that speak to you.","tunein_description":"From the NFL, NBA, and NHL, to commercial-free news from MSNBC, CNBC, and more, listen to what matters most to you."}},"onboarding":{"super_saver_header":{"we_found_more_html":"We found more titles you may enjoy, free with your membership. Use the \u003cspan class='icon icon-ic_save_for_later_2px' aria-hidden='true'\u003e\u003c/span\u003e icon to save a title for later."}},"pdfs":{"lightboxes":{"download_lightbox":{"download_current_format_extension":"Download {{current_format_extension}}","download_document":"Download document","having_trouble_downloading":"Having trouble downloading?","resume_membership":"Resume Membership","resuming":"Resuming","try_again":"Try again","your_download_has_started_":"Your download has started","your_membership_has_been_resumed":"Your membership has been resumed.","your_membership_is_currently_paused_until":"Your membership is currently paused until {{state_nag_next_payment_due}}. Would you like to resume your membership now to download"},"receipt_lightbox":{"activate_your_calm_subscription":"Activate your Calm Subscription","calm_on_iphone":"Calm on iPhone","don_t_forget_to":"Don’t forget to","download_the_document":"Download the document","get_started_with_calm":"Get Started With Calm","welcome_to_scribd":"Welcome to Scribd!","you_are_all_set":"You are all set!"}}},"personalization":{"welcome":{"ebooks_in_fiction":"Ebooks in Fiction, Self-Improvement, Wellness, and more.","listen_to":"Listen to Romance, Mystery, Young Adult, and more.","songbooks_by_adele":"Songbooks by Adele, Taylor Swift, Elton John, and more."}},"profiles":{"profile_admin":{"details_for_this_action_for_posterity":"Details for this action for posterity (you can leave this blank):"}},"receipt":{"app_promo_download":{"view_in_scribd_app":"View in Scribd App","view_this_document_offline_with_the":"View this document offline with the free Scribd mobile app. Download it today!"},"content_types":{"access_an_unlimited_number_of_books":"*Access an unlimited number of books and audiobooks; restrictions on some titles may apply.","at_no_additional_cost_you_can":"At no additional cost, you can read an unlimited* number of:","audiobook":"Audiobooks","book":"Books","details_here":"Details Here.","document":"Documents","magazine":"Magazines","news":"News","opens_in_new_tab":"Opens in new tab.","sheet_music":"Sheet Music","what_does_your_membership_include":"What does your membership include?"},"download":{"choose_document_format_type":"Choose document format type:","document":"Document","download":"Download","download_format_extension_touppercase_format_filesize":"Download {{format_extension_touppercase}} ({{format_filesize}})","download_iframe":"Download iframe","having_trouble_downloading":"Having trouble downloading?","try_again":"Try again","uploaded_by":"Uploaded by","view_document":"View Document","view_in_scribd_app":"View in Scribd App","view_this_document_offline_with_the":"View this document offline with the free Scribd mobile app.","view_this_document_offline_with_the_":"View this document offline with the free Scribd mobile app. Download it today!","welcome_to_scribd_this_props_name":"Welcome to Scribd, {{this_props_name}}!","your_download_has_started":"Your download has started."},"features":{"discover_new_favorites":"Discover new favorites","experience_with_the_scribd_app_on_html":"Experience with the Scribd app on \u003ca target=\"_blank\" href=\"{{this_props_android_app_link}}\"\u003eAndroid \u003cspan class=\"visually_hidden\"\u003e{{opens_in_new_tab}}\u003c/a\u003e or \u003ca target=\"_blank\" href=\"{{this_props_ios_app_link}}\"\u003eiOS \u003cspan class=\"visually_hidden\"\u003e{{opens_in_new_tab}}\u003c/a\u003e","learn_on_the_go_even_without":"Learn on the go, even without an internet connection","opens_in_new_tab":"Opens in new tab","read_bestsellers_award_winners_and_recommendations":"Read bestsellers, award winners, and recommendations just for you","read_on_any_device":"Read on any device","store_favorites_offline":"Store favorites offline","what_can_you_do_with_scribd":"What can you do with Scribd?"}},"recommenders":{"modules":{"article_tile":{"top_picks":"Top Picks"},"doc_education_banner":{"academic_papers":"Academic Papers","business_templates":"Business Templates","court_filings":"Court Filings","customize_proposals_contracts_business_plans_and":"Customize proposals, contracts, business plans, and more.","get_the_facts_on_landmark_cases":"Get the facts on landmark cases.","learn_from_scholars_around_the_world":"Learn from scholars around the world."},"hero_document":{"by_this_props_author":"by {{this_props_author}}","more":"More","span_this_props_cta_text_span_classname_visually_hidden_this_props_title_span_now_span_html":"{{this_props_cta_text}} \u003cspan class=\"visually_hidden\"\u003e{{this_props_title}} \u003c/span\u003enow","today_s_span_top_span_pick_html":"Today's \u003cspan class=\"top_pick_header_top\"\u003eTop\u003c/span\u003e Pick"},"looking_for_jump_back_in_promo":{"description":"We're replacing your reading history with your Saved titles.","dismiss_message":"Dismiss Message","find_out_more":"Find Out More","title":"Looking for Jump Back In?"},"promo":{"scribd_perks":"Free Scribd Perks"}}},"search":{"input":{"show":{"close_suggestions":"Close suggestions","no_search_results":"No search results.","props_items_length_result_s_are_available_use_up":"{{props_items_length}} result(s) are available, use up and down arrow keys to navigate.","recent_searches":"RECENT SEARCHES","search":"Search"}}},"shared":{"account_creation":{"already_have_an_account":"Already have an account?","back_to_sign_in":"Back to Sign In","creating_your_account":"Creating your account...","disclaimer":"By signing up with Scribd, you agree to our \u003ca href=\"{{terms_href}}\" target=\"_blank\" tabIndex=\"0\"\u003eTerms of Service {{opens_in_new_window}}\u003c/a\u003e and \u003ca href=\"{{privacy_href}}\" target=\"_blank\" tabIndex=\"0\"\u003ePrivacy Policy {{opens_in_new_window}}\u003c/a\u003e","errors":{"connection_successful_no_email":"We've successfully connected your {{account_type}} account but didn't get your email. Please provide your email so we can finish setting up your account.","email_registered":"This email address is already registered with Scribd. Please enter your password to sign in.","email_taken":"That email is taken by another user, please try again.","invalid_character_in_name_please_remove":"Invalid character in name. Please remove any special characters","please_enter_a_name":"Please enter a name","please_enter_a_password_that_is":"Please enter a password that is at least 6 characters","please_enter_a_valid_email":"Please enter a valid email","that_doesn_t_appear_to_be_a":"That doesn't appear to be a valid email address. Please try again."},"facebook":{"error":"Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time.","sign_in":"Continue with Facebook","sign_up":"Sign Up with Facebook"},"forgot":{"enter_email":"Enter your email address and we'll send you an email with a link to reset your password.","weve_sent_email_html":"We've sent an email to \u003cstrong\u003e{{escape_validated_email}}\u003c/strong\u003e with instructions to reset your password. If it doesn't show up soon, check your spam folder and then read this \u003ca href=\"https://support.scribd.com/hc/articles/210134406-What-do-I-do-if-I-ve-lost-or-forgotten-my-password-\"\u003eHelp Center article\u003c/a\u003e."},"forgot_password":"Forgot password?","google":{"error":"Google sign in failed","sign_in":"Continue with Google","sign_up":"Sign Up with Google"},"logging_you_in":"Logging you in...","not_you":"Not you?","now_bringing_you_back":"Now bringing you back...","one_more_thing":"One more thing...","people_browsing_scribd_html":"\u003cspan\u003e{{count, locale}} person\u003c/span\u003e browsing Scribd right now","people_browsing_scribd_html_plural":"\u003cspan\u003e{{count, locale}} people\u003c/span\u003e browsing Scribd right now","recaptcha_disclaimer":"This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google \u003ca href=\"{{privacy_href}}\" target=\"_blank\"\u003ePrivacy Policy {{opens_in_new_window}}\u003c/a\u003e and \u003ca href=\"{{policy_href}}\" target=\"_blank\"\u003eTerms of Service {{opens_in_new_window}}\u003c/a\u003e apply.","remember_me":"Remember me","reset_password":"Reset Password","send_me_updates_from_scribd":"Send me updates from Scribd","sign_in":"Sign In","sign_in_successful":"Sign In Successful","sign_in_to_scribd":"Sign In to Scribd","sign_in_with_email":"Sign In with Email","sign_up":"Sign Up","sign_up_or_sign_in":"Sign Up or Sign In","sign_up_successful":"Sign Up Successful","sign_up_with_email":"Sign Up with Email","use_another_email_address":"Use another email address"},"app_download_promo":{"module":{"an_error_occurred_please_try_again":"An error occurred please try again","an_error_occurred_please_try_an":"An error occurred please try an email","and":"and","android_app_store_badge":"android app store badge","app_store":"App Store","enter_your_email":"Enter your email","enter_your_phone_number_or_email":"Enter your phone number or email","google_play_store":"Google Play Store","hide_promo_content":"Hide Promo Content","ios_app_store_badge":"iOS app store badge","link_sent_please_check_your_mobile":"Link sent! Please check your mobile device","opens_new_window":"opens new window","phone_number_or_email":"Phone number or email","please_enter_a_valid_email":"Please enter a valid email","please_enter_a_valid_phone_number":"Please enter a valid phone number or email","please_enter_a_valid_phone_number_":"Please enter a valid phone number","read_anytime_everywhere_you_go":"Read anytime, everywhere you go","scribd_is_available_on_the":"Scribd is available on the","send_link":"Send link"}},"carousels":{"skip_carousel":"Skip carousel"},"common":{"back":"Back","close_dialog":"Close Dialog","email_address":"Email Address","errors":{"could_not_complete_request":"We couldn't complete your request","please_try_again_later":"Please try again later."},"forms":{"at_least_6_characters":"(at least 6 characters)","email":"Email","error":"Error","invalid":"Invalid","name":"Name","password":"Password","please_enter_an_email":"Please enter an email","required":"(required)"},"hide":"Hide","new_to_scribd":"New to Scribd?","opens_in_a_new_window":"opens in a new window","or":"or","send_email":"Send Email","show":"Show","success_exclamation":"Success!","welcome_back":"Welcome back","welcome_back_exclamation":"Welcome back!","worlds_largest_digital_library":"The World’s Largest Digital Library"},"competitor_matrix":{"no":"No","scribd_vs_other_subscriptions_html":"\u003cstrong\u003eScribd\u003c/strong\u003e vs. Other Subscriptions","subscription_fee_per_month":"Subscription fee per month","unlimited_audiobooks_from_major_publishers":"Unlimited audiobooks from major publishers","unlimited_books":"Unlimited books","unlimited_magazines_and_news":"Unlimited magazines \u0026 news","yes":"Yes"},"download_document":{"sign_up_to_download_doc_title":"Sign up to download {{doc_title}}","sign_up_today_for_unlimited_downloads":"Sign up today for unlimited downloads free for one month."},"get_app_modal":{"check_your_mobile_device":"Check your mobile device to finish downloading. \u2028Don’t see it? ","download_to_listen_anytime_anywhere":"Download to listen anytime, anywhere.","download_to_read_anytime_anywhere":"Download to read anytime, anywhere.","enter_your_email":"Enter your email","enter_your_phone_or_email":"Enter your phone or email","get_new_link":"Get a new link.","get_our_app_and_read":"Get our app and read on the go","get_the_app_to_read_and_listen":"Get the app to read and listen anytime, anywhere.","link_sent_please_check_your_mobile":"Link sent! Please check your mobile device","listen_offline_with_app":"Listen offline with the app","phone_or_email":"Phone or email","read_offline_with_app":"Read offline with the app","send":"Send","your_app_link_has_been_sent":"Your app link has been sent!"},"login":{"join_lightbox":{"we_couldn_t_complete_your_request":"We couldn't complete your request"}},"message_promo":{"dismiss_message":"Dismiss Message"},"mobile_bottom_navigation_tabs":{"active":", active","audiobooks":"Audiobooks","books":"Books","documents":"Documents","home":"Home","quick_navigation":"Quick navigation"},"navigation":{"header":{"explore_menu":{"audiobooks":"Audiobooks","books":"Books","close_explore_menu":"Close Explore Menu","explore_by_interests_or_content_type":"Explore by Interests or Content Type","explore_formats":"Explore formats","explore_interests":"Explore interests","news_magazines":"News \u0026 Magazines","sheet_music":"Sheet Music"},"header":{"back":"Back","bestsellers":"bestsellers","bestsellers_":"Bestsellers","explore":"Explore","go_to_your_saved_titles":"Go to your saved titles","invite_friends":"Invite Friends","read_for_free":"Read for Free","saved":"Saved","search":"Search","upload":"Upload","upload_a_document":"Upload a document"},"header_hybrid":{"close_navigation_menu":"Close Navigation Menu","open_navigation_menu":"Open Navigation Menu","preferred_language_set_to_query_language_settings_changed":"Preferred language set to {{query_language_settings_changed}}"}},"language":{"message":{"language_options":"Language Options","learn_more":"Learn More","your_recommendations_have_been_switched_to":"Your recommendations have been switched to {{current_language_name}} to match your browser preferences."},"modal":{"cancel":"Cancel","language_options":"Language Options","save":"Save","select_your_preferred_language":"Select your preferred language","we_ll_translate_site_navigation_and_tailor":"We’ll translate site navigation and tailor your personal recommendations where possible to match your preferred language selection.","we_ll_translate_site_navigation_to_match":"We’ll translate site navigation to match your preferred language selection."},"picker":{"change_language":"Change Language","learn_more":"Learn More","selected":", selected"}},"membership_info":{"learn_more_about_scribd_membership":"Learn more about Scribd Membership"},"sidebar":{"hi_this_props_username":"Hi {{this_props_username}}!","read_free_for_30_days":"Read Free For 30 Days","selected":", selected","sign_in":"Sign In","your_profile":"Your profile"}},"promos":{"bundle_promo":{"module":{"your_scribd_membership_gets_you_lots":"Your Scribd membership gets you lots of other great services — 100% free."}},"get_app_modal":{"module":{"an_error_occurred_please_try_again":"An error occurred please try again","an_error_occurred_please_try_an":"An error occurred please try an email","please_enter_a_valid_email":"Please enter a valid email","please_enter_a_valid_phone_number":"Please enter a valid phone number or email","please_enter_a_valid_phone_number_":"Please enter a valid phone number"}}},"react":{"button_menu":{"close_menu":"Close menu"},"cells":{"base":{"article_in_props_item_author":"Article in {{props_item_author}}","audiobook":"audiobook","author":"Author","book":"book","content_to_go":"{{duration}} to go","failed_to_undo_action":"Failed to undo action","finished":"Finished","key_insights_from_authors_html":"\u003cspan aria-hidden='true'\u003eKey insights from\u003c/span\u003e {{author_possessive}}","listen":"Listen","listen_now":"Listen Now","new":"New,","pdf_document":"PDF document","podcast_episode":"podcast episode","props_item_title_-_removed_from_saved":"{{props_item_title}} - Removed from saved","publication_issue":"publication issue","read_now":"Read Now","removed_from_saved":"Removed from Saved","series":"Series","sheet_music":"sheet music","sheet_music_chapter":"sheet music chapter","summary_key_insights":"Key Insights","total":"Total","undo":"Undo","uploaded_by":"Uploaded by"},"issue":{"issue":"ISSUE"}},"content_carousel":{"carousel_next":"Carousel Next","carousel_previous":"Carousel Previous"},"download_button":{"download":"Download","this_document_is_not_available_for":"This document is not available for download","unable_to_download_please_try_again":"Unable to download. Please try again later."},"lightbox":{"close_dialog":"Close Dialog"},"lock_shock_roadblock_modal":{"later":"Later","problem_with_your_last_payment":"Problem with your last payment","update_payment":"Update Payment","your_membership_is_on_hold_please":"Your membership is on hold. Please update payment details to continue using Scribd."},"modals":{"create_a_list":{"create_list":"Create list","failed_to_create_list_please_try":"Failed to create list, please try again","make_list_private":"Make list private","new_list":"New List","no_one_except_you_can_view":"No one except you can view this list. Sharing will be disabled.","please_enter_a_list_name":"Please enter a list name","what_would_you_like_to_name":"What would you like to name this list?"},"delete_item_in_list":{"cancel":"Cancel","delete":"Delete","do_not_ask_me_again":"Do not ask me again","removing_from_saved_will_also_delete":"Removing from Saved will also delete the title from your lists.","this_title_is_also_in_a":"This title is also in a list."}},"reading_progress_bar":{"math_round_props_percentage_0_of_props_short_title_completed":"{{math_round_props_percentage_0}}% of {{props_short_title}} completed"},"save_button":{"failed_to_remove_title":"Failed to remove title","failed_to_save_title":"Failed to save title","remove_from_saved_cap":"Remove from Saved","remove_short_title_from_saved":"Remove {{short_title}} from Saved","save_for_later_cap":"Save for Later","save_short_title_for_later":"Save {{short_title}} For Later","sign_up_to_save":"Sign up to save this title"},"star_ratings":{"average_rating":"Average Rating:","clear_rating":"Clear rating","i_didn_t_like_it_at_all":"I didn't like it at all","i_didn_t_like_it_that_much":"I didn't like it that much","i_liked_it":"I liked it","i_loved_it":"I loved it","i_thought_it_was_ok":"I thought it was OK","rate_as_value_out_of_5":"Rate as {{value}} out of 5","rating_rating_to_display_out_of_5_stars":"Rating: {{rating_to_display}} out of 5 stars","rating_required":"Rating required","saved":"Saved!","selected":", selected","sign_up_to_rate_this_title":"Sign up to rate this title","state_user_rating_star_rating_saved":"{{state_user_rating}} star Rating Saved.","your_rating_was_not_saved_please":"Your rating was not saved. Please try again."},"upvotes":{"document_is_marked_as_not_useful":"Document is marked as not useful","document_is_marked_as_useful":"Document is marked as useful","down_votes_mark_as_not_useful":"down votes, mark as not useful","down_votes_you_marked_this_as_not_useful":"down votes, you marked this as not useful","not_useful":"Not Useful","props_score_5_score":"{{props_score}}/5 score","props_views_views":"{{props_views}} views","up_votes_mark_as_useful":"up votes, mark as useful","upvotes_you_marked_this_as_useful":"up votes, you marked this as useful","useful":"Useful"}},"star_ratings":{"clear_rating":"Clear Rating","i_didnt_like_it_at_all":"I didn't like it at all","i_didnt_like_it_that_much":"I didn't like it that much","i_liked_it":"I liked it","i_loved_it":"I loved it","i_thought_it_was_ok":"I thought it was OK","label_html":"{{rating}}/5 ({{count, locale}} \u003cspan class='rating_text'\u003erating\u003c/span\u003e)","label_html_plural":"{{rating}}/5 ({{count, locale}} \u003cspan class='rating_text'\u003eratings\u003c/span\u003e)","rate_as_rating_out_of_5":"Rate as {{value}} out of 5","rating_rating_to_display_out_of_5_stars":"Rating: {{ratingToDisplay}} out of 5 stars","saved":"Saved!","selected":"(selected)","user_rating_star_rating_saved":"{{userRating}} star rating saved"},"text_links":{"all_categories":"All Categories"},"user_menu":{"button":{"join":"Join","sign_in":"Sign In","user_settings":"User Settings"},"menu":{"account_settings":"Account Settings","close_user_settings_menu":"Close user settings menu","document_stats":"Document Stats","document_uploads":"Document Uploads","help":"Help","hi_this_props_user":"Hi {{this_props_user_name}}!","invite_friends":"Invite Friends","join":"Join","options":"Options","public_profile":"Public Profile","read_for_free":"Read for Free","scribd_perks":"Scribd Perks","sign_in":"Sign In","sign_out":"Sign Out","upload":"Upload","upload_a_document":"Upload a Document"}},"sidebar_nav":{"sidebar":{"explore_by_content_type":""}}}}}};
//]]>
</script><script type="text/javascript">
            window.i18next_lng = "en-US";
            window.i18next_fallback = "en-US";
            window.i18next_debug = "false";
          </script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/0.3456ae07b4b9b2ebe4d0.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/1.036906b7848b7bbde90c.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/2.d6be40cb9293ca0cf5eb.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/3.4d69b1bc6f6c64109b43.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/4.eb29fb94386724c28bbc.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/5.c379980dca80a238f637.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/6.ea558b52072b9c8d134d.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/9.9eab6cf078210689515a.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/13.2fb60c4705b9a16e68e2.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/96.820c12b9bd64e02a9b29.js"></script><script src="https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/profiles.727c1be4f0c959f80240.js"></script><script type="text/javascript">
      window['$rat'] = ratInit(["https://rs1.scribd.com/","https://rs2.scribd.com/","https://rs3.scribd.com/","https://rs4.scribd.com/","https://rs5.scribd.com/","https://rs6.scribd.com/","https://rs7.scribd.com/","https://rs8.scribd.com/"], {"user_id":null,"doc_id":null}, false);
      $rat.root().withVid(function(vid) { $rat("gotvid", { vid: vid}) })
    </script><script type="text/javascript">Scribd.tracker = new Scribd.Tracker(document);</script><div id="pageboxes"></div><div id="fb-root"></div>
<script type="text/javascript">
  Scribd.Facebook.setup()
</script><script src="https://apis.google.com/js/platform.js?onload=googleOnLoad" async defer></script><script type="text/javascript">
        function prefetchResource(u){var x = new XMLHttpRequest();x.open("GET", u, true);x.send()}
        window.locale = "en_US";
      
          ReactDOM.render(React.createElement(Scribd.Shared.React.PersonaIcon, {"size":"large","image_url":null,"retina_image_url":null,"initials":"","author":false,"extra_css_classes":"profile_thumbnail "}), document.getElementById("autogen_id_677291286"))
        

      new Scribd.Recommenders.Modules.ProfileBanner("#autogen_id_677292462", {"compilation_id":"sbd/SANdsS67MEROfuX3MH1u1KE=","module_id":"sbd/Q4PfFuJ21a9y95c51yUexnw=","widget_name":"profile_banner"});
    

      new Scribd.Recommenders.Modules.Base("#autogen_id_677290451", {"compilation_id":"sbd/SANdsS67MEROfuX3MH1u1KE=","module_id":"sbd/3cYv2oiCNjTuQUlaNs54a1Q=","widget_name":"label"});
    

      new Scribd.UserProfile("#autogen_id_677294395");
    

          ReactDOM.render(React.createElement(Scribd.Shared.Navigation.GlobalNav, {"show_global_side_nav":true,"header_props":{"logged_in":false,"logo_src":"https://s-f.scribdassets.com/images/landing/home2_landing/scribd_logo_horiz_small.svg?151d3883f","persona_icon_props":null,"root_url":"https://www.scribd.com/","saved_url":"/saved","uploads_url":"/upload-document","user_button_props":{"responsive":false,"persona_icon_props":null,"subscribe_url":"/archive/pmp_checkout?metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D","user_menu_props":{"subscribe_url":"/archive/pmp_checkout?metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D","login_url":"https://www.scribd.com/login","upload_new_url":"https://www.scribd.com/upload-document"}},"bestsellers_url":"https://www.scribd.com/bestsellers","search_props":{"search_url":"/search","search_page":false},"search_term":"","language_picker_props":{"languages":[{"prefix":"en","href":"/language?id=en","lang":"en_US","name":"English","lcid":"en"},{"prefix":"es","href":"/language?id=es","lang":"es-419","name":"español","lcid":"es"},{"prefix":"pt","href":"/language?id=pt-br","lang":"pt_BR","name":"português","lcid":"pt-br"},{"prefix":"de","href":"/language?id=de","lang":"de","name":"Deutsch","lcid":"de"},{"prefix":"fr","href":"/language?id=fr","lang":"fr","name":"français","lcid":"fr"},{"prefix":"ru","href":"/language?id=ru","lang":"ru_RU","name":"Русский язык","lcid":"ru"},{"prefix":"it","href":"/language?id=it","lang":"it","name":"italiano","lcid":"it"},{"prefix":"ro","href":"/language?id=ro","lang":"ro_RO","name":"român","lcid":"ro"},{"prefix":"id","href":"/language?id=id","lang":"id_ID","name":"Bahasa Indonesia","lcid":"id"}],"current_language":{"prefix":"en","href":"/language?id=en","lang":"en_US","name":"English","lcid":"en"},"language_modal_props_url":"/language_modal_props","current_user":null},"free_referral":null,"referrals_url":"https://www.scribd.com/referrals?source=header","is_subscriber":null},"sidebar_props":{"search":{"name":"Search","icon":"icon-ic_search","icon_filled":"icon-ic_search","url":"#","type":"search"},"home":{"name":"Home","icon":"icon-ic_scribd_social_logo","icon_filled":"icon-ic_scribd_social_logo","url":"https://www.scribd.com/","type":"home"},"saved":{"name":"Saved","icon":"icon-ic_save_for_later_2px","icon_filled":"icon-ic_saved_for_later_2px","url":"/saved","type":"saved"},"bestsellers":{"name":"Bestsellers","icon":"icon-ic_globalnav_topcharts","icon_filled":"icon-ic_globalnav_topcharts","url":"/bestsellers","type":"bestsellers"},"categories":{"book":{"icon":"icon-ic_book","icon_filled":"icon-ic_book_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/books","name":"Books","type":"book"},"audiobook":{"icon":"icon-ic_audiobook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_audiobook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/audiobooks","name":"Audiobooks","type":"audiobook"},"magazine":{"icon":"icon-ic_magazine","icon_filled":"icon-ic_magazine_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/magazines","name":"Magazines","type":"magazine"},"document":{"icon":"icon-ic_document","icon_filled":"icon-ic_document_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/docs","name":"Documents","type":"document"},"sheet_music":{"icon":"icon-ic_songbook","icon_filled":"icon-ic_songbook_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/sheetmusic","name":"Sheet Music","type":"sheet_music"},"summary":{"icon":"icon-ic_globalnav_snapshot","icon_filled":"icon-ic_globalnav_snapshot_fill","url":"https://www.scribd.com/snapshots","name":"Snapshots","type":"summary"}},"categories_array":["mixed","book","audiobook","summary","magazine","document","sheet_music"],"selected_content_type":null,"upload":{"name":"Upload","icon":"icon-ic_globalnav_upload","icon_filled":"icon-ic_globalnav_upload","url":"https://www.scribd.com/upload-document","type":"upload"},"username":"","subscriber":false,"logged_in":false,"subscribe_url":"/archive/pmp_checkout?metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D","persona_icon_props":null,"user_menu_props":{"subscribe_url":"/archive/pmp_checkout?metadata=%7B%22context%22%3A%22pmp%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22start_trial%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3Afalse%2C%22platform%22%3A%22web%22%7D","login_url":"https://www.scribd.com/login","upload_new_url":"https://www.scribd.com/upload-document"},"language":{"name":"English","type":"language","icon":"icon-ic_language","url":"#"},"language_modal_props_url":"/language_modal_props","subscribe_now_landing_url":"https://www.scribd.com/subscribe-now"},"language_message_props":null}), document.getElementById("autogen_id_677289917"))
        

          ReactDOM.render(React.createElement(Scribd.Shared.Navigation.MobileBottomNavigationTabs, {"audiobooksLink":"https://www.scribd.com/audiobooks","booksLink":"https://www.scribd.com/books","documentsLink":"https://www.scribd.com/docs","homeLink":"https://www.scribd.com/","selectedTab":null}), document.getElementById("autogen_id_677283249"))
        

                document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function() {ReactDOM.render(React.createElement(Scribd.NativeApps.Buttons, {"android_store_url":"https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.scribd.app.reader0\u0026hl=en","ios_store_url":"https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/scribd-worlds-largest-online/id542557212?mt=8\u0026uo=4\u0026at=11lGEE","app_download_link":"https://www.scribd.com/send_download_link","close_promo_url":"https://www.scribd.com/home/close_promo","doc_id":null,"email_address":null,"extra_classes":" app_download_promo","promo_id":null,"twilio_enabled":true,"track_page":"footer","success":true,"showKindle":false,"__locale":"en_US"}), document.getElementById("autogen_id_677281624"))})
              

          new Scribd.Footer("#global_footer");
          ReactDOM.render(React.createElement(Scribd.Navigation.Language.Footer, {"languages":[{"prefix":"en","href":"/language?id=en","lang":"en_US","name":"English","lcid":"en"},{"prefix":"es","href":"/language?id=es","lang":"es-419","name":"español","lcid":"es"},{"prefix":"pt","href":"/language?id=pt-br","lang":"pt_BR","name":"português","lcid":"pt-br"},{"prefix":"de","href":"/language?id=de","lang":"de","name":"Deutsch","lcid":"de"},{"prefix":"fr","href":"/language?id=fr","lang":"fr","name":"français","lcid":"fr"},{"prefix":"ru","href":"/language?id=ru","lang":"ru_RU","name":"Русский язык","lcid":"ru"},{"prefix":"it","href":"/language?id=it","lang":"it","name":"italiano","lcid":"it"},{"prefix":"ro","href":"/language?id=ro","lang":"ro_RO","name":"român","lcid":"ro"},{"prefix":"id","href":"/language?id=id","lang":"id_ID","name":"Bahasa Indonesia","lcid":"id"}],"current_language":{"prefix":"en","href":"/language?id=en","lang":"en_US","name":"English","lcid":"en"},"language_modal_props_url":"/language_modal_props","current_user":null}), document.getElementById("language_footer_selector"));
        
$(document.body).addClass("jsblock_done"); Scribd.jsblock.resolve();$(document.body).track_rats("page:view", {"accept_language":"en"});Scribd.Lightbox.initialize();Scribd.hook_tooltips($(document.body));</script>
      <script type="text/javascript">
        var _user_id = "";
        var _session_id = "af1c0dfb-7465-4b37-90e3-b4688a803d84";

        var _sift = window._sift = window._sift || [];
        _sift.push(['_setAccount', "cbcb9f556a"]);
        _sift.push(['_setUserId', _user_id]);
        _sift.push(['_setSessionId', _session_id]);
        _sift.push(['_trackPageview']);

       (function() {
         function ls() {
           var e = document.createElement('script');
           e.src = 'https://cdn.siftscience.com/s.js';
           document.body.appendChild(e);
         }
         if (window.attachEvent) {
           window.attachEvent('onload', ls);
         } else {
           window.addEventListener('load', ls, false);
         }
       })();
      </script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
            if(!/Trident|MSIE/.test(navigator.userAgent)){;["https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/0.3456ae07b4b9b2ebe4d0.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/1.036906b7848b7bbde90c.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/2.d6be40cb9293ca0cf5eb.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/10.132662a92c810138f66f.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/84.c370f53b5c2e36537e37.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/plans.0c95dab5ea2e20090bc1.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/1.d57db2ab31814d360216.css","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/2.a89a8b935fab8ddca443.css","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/10.a770aa87a7b7508f428e.css","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/plans.178760fdcf3fd7dd9fcb.css","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/11.195499a6f53ce7afc95b.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/payments.d0c21f8eb51b0f3712c6.js","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/11.727b1e65685fbfd8440b.css","https://s-f.scribdassets.com/webpack/monolith/payments.ed66c3a23a9f290a02da.css"].forEach(prefetchResource)}
          </script></body></html>